Updated: Jan 17, 2022
by Isabel Alcántara, Esq.
To answer that question, we look first to the entity that is responsible for emitting Red Notices: the International Criminal Police Organization, also known as Interpol.
This Organization is an intergovernmental organization consisting of 195 member countries that share data and transmit alerts as to the whereabouts of wanted individuals. Such alerts, called Red Notices, circulate Interpol member countries’ shared police databases.
A Red Notice alert should contain:
information that identifies the criminal suspect, and
Information related to the crime the suspect is wanted for.
Although Interpol’s website states that Red Notice subjects are typically wanted for murder, rape, child abuse, or armed robbery, there are instances where Red Notice subjects are wanted for allegedly engaging in illicit financial activity or the failure to pay a debt.
In many cases, the wanted suspect is not aware of the criminal accusations being made against them and they never received notice of a court's request that they appear in court. The Commission for the Control of Interpol’s Files accepts petitions from Red Notice subjects, and their counsel, that convey how the underlying Red Notice violates the subject’s rights, such as the right to notice of the nature and cause of the accusations being made against him or her. If the petition is successful, the Commission will delete the Red Notice.